Anti-restriction protesters defy injunction order, occupying key US-Canada bridge
Protesters wave Canadian flags while blocking access to the Ambassador Bridge, a vital trade corridor with the United States. Photograph: Galit Rodan/Bloomberg
Protesters in Canada opposing pandemic restrictions flouted a court order and emergency rules, continuing to occupy a vital trade corridor with the United States early on Saturday, hours after a judge granted an injunction to end the blockade that has crippled North America’s well-knitted motor industry.
Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau has promised US president Joe Biden quick action to end the crisis, and on Friday a Canadian judge ordered an end to the four-day-long blockade of the Ambassador Bridge, North America’s busiest land border crossing.
The order came into effect at 7pm Eastern Time (midnight GMT), but five hours after the deadline, some 100 protesters were milling around the entrance to the bridge, waving Canadian flags.
While the number of protesters and police dropped as the night progressed, demonstrators continued to block the bridge with trucks and pick-up vans, preventing any flow of traffic in either direction.
Protesters sang the Canadian national anthemand some shouted, “Freedom!”
Police, who started to gather in a parking lot a few blocks away from the protesters, began handing out pamphlets that outlined penalties under Ontario’s emergency order, which took effect at midnight.
Mr Trudeau earlier told reporters that no action was off the table.
Companies have diverted cargo to stem losses amid production cuts by companies including Ford .
Superior Court Justice Geoffrey Morawetz on Friday approved the request by auto industry associations and Windsor city authorities hoping to end the protests. Occupying access roads leading to the bridge on Friday, protesters voiced defiance and there was little sign of them backing down.
“Canada is supposed to be a free country,” said Liz Vallee, a protester from Chatham, Ontario. “When that freedom is threatened, we must stand up.” Ms Vallee said she and others would stay until all pandemic mandates are lifted.
The “Freedom Convoy” protests, started by Canadian truckers opposing a vaccinate-or-quarantine mandate for cross-border drivers, are also occupying areas outside government buildings in the national capital Ottawa and have blocked two smaller US crossings.
The protests have inspired similar convoys and plans in France, New Zealand, Australia and the United States, whose department of homeland security is working to ensure that a “Freedom Convoy” event due in early March in Washington “does not disrupt lawful trade”.
East of Ottawa, people were expected to gather in Fredericton in the province of New Brunswick for a weekend demonstration. Local police said officers were stationed at entrances to the city to ensure traffic can continue. Canada’s financial capital Toronto was also bracing for more weekend demonstrations.
Adding to calls for action by US officials and business leaders, Mr Biden expressed concerns over auto plant closures and production slowdowns during a phone call with Mr Trudeau, the White House said in a statement.
“The two leaders agreed that the actions of the individuals who are obstructing travel and commerce between our two countries are having significant direct impacts on citizens’ lives and livelihoods,” the statement said.
“The prime minister promised quick action in enforcing the law and the president thanked him for the steps he and other Canadian authorities are taking to restore the open passage of bridges to the United States,” it added.
Mr Trudeau told reporters that he agreed with Mr Biden that the blockades cannot continue. “Everything is on the table because this unlawful activity has to end and it will end,” Mr Trudeau said.
US-Canada cross-border trade in vehicles and core parts totalled $51.5 billion (€45 billion) in 2021, IHS Markit estimates.
Mr Biden’s administration had urged Canada to use federal powers to ease the Ambassador Bridge blockade, a step Mr Trudeau’s government has not taken. Mr Trudeau said on Friday his government was not seriously contemplating calling in the military over the protests.
The leader of Ontario, where police have avoided using force to disperse protesters, sought to build pressure on Friday by threatening 100,000 Canadian-dollar (€69,000) fines and up to a year in prison for non-compliance.
Announcing the penalties as part of emergency measures, Ontario premier Doug Ford said they were needed to “make crystal clear it is illegal and punishable to block and impede the movement of goods, people and services along critical infrastructure”.
Windsor police issued a statement warning of arrests, but it was not clear if or when authorities would begin issuing fines or seeking jail sentences.
With car production cuts mounting, Ford, the second-largest US auto-maker, said on Friday it had temporarily halted work at its assembly plant in Ohio. General Motors and Toyota also announced new production cuts.
The stock of Canadian autoparts maker Magna International fell 6.4 per cent on Friday after it said it had seen an initial hit from the bridge’s closure.
Beyond motor sector losses, the three US-Canada crossings obstructed account for 33 per cent of Canada’s trade with the US, valued at $616 million (€543 million) per day, Export Development Canada said.
The bridge’s shutdown could worsen the tight supply of new vehicles in the US and contribute to the already fast-rising price of new vehicles, IHS Markit said in a Friday report. Even if the blockade ends, a return to normal will take several weeks as shortages cascade through the supply chain, IHS Markit said.
Governor Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan, home to nearly a fifth of US car production, told CNN: “The Canadian government has to do whatever it takes to safely and swiftly resolve this.” – Reuters